SHORT HISTORY AND LOCATION
Valencia was first inhabited by the Iberians; then the Greeks, Romans, Visigoths and Muslims settled down in the province. Valencia city history has been greatly influenced by Roman civilisation. Nevertheless, the subsequent Muslim influence was even greater to the extent that the population of this place was essentially Muslim.
In 1238 King James I conquered the city of València. James incorporated city and territory into the newly formed Kingdom of Valencia, one of the kingdoms forming the Crown of Aragon, and populated the new Kingdom with Catalan people on the coast and Aragonese people on the interior.
After the Middle Ages, economic growth was subject to sudden halts, such as the war of the ‘Germanies’ (1519-1522) and the expulsion of the ‘Moriscos’ in 1616, which marked the beginning of its decline. People from Valencia took Austria´s Archduke´s side in the War of Succession at the beginning of the 1700s while most of the nobles were favouring Phillip V, whose success brought about the end of the region´s autonomy as well as the abolition of local charters.
Valencia is the capital of the Valencian Autonomous Community and the third largest city in Spain with a population of 810,064 in the administrative center. It is situated on the banks of the Turia river, on the Eastern coast of the Iberian peninsula and the Western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia.
MAIN LOCAL/CULTURAL EVENTS
The Palau de la Música concert hall has an excellent orchestra to host not only classical music performances, but also other kind of music like modern music concerts, flamenco, etc. Other music events include the International Week Of Chamber Music which takes place in Montserrat and The City Of Valencia International Band Competition with features bands from all five continents. The Valencia region also supports young urban alternative music which is programmed at The International Festival In Benicàssim; literally thousands of young people who love pop, rock, electronic and independent music flock to Benicàssim.
The Valencia Region also promotes theatre, contemporary art, fashion, short films, dance and even organises summer courses.
Mostra de València has been running for 30 years. It screens the most interesting films which have been shot in Mediterranean countries. Cinema Jove, a forum for young filmmakers to meet, is a blend of awards, homages, screenings of feature-length and short films. Veo Festival and Sagunt Theatre Festival are the main theatre events for both modern and classical theatre-goers.
Valencia is also known for Les Falles, which is a famous local festival held in March, for the traditional dish “paella valenciana”, for the traditional Valencian ceramics, and for the striking new architecture of the City of Arts and Sciences. La Tomatina, an annual tomato fight, draws crowds to the nearby town of Buñol in August. There are also a number of well preserved Catholic fiestas throughout the year.
Valencia is also famous for its football club Valencia C.F., which won the Spanish league in 2002 and 2004 (in which year it also won the UEFA Cup), and was also a UEFA runner-up in 2000 and 2001, it is one of the most famous football clubs in Spain and Internationally. Its city rival, Levante UD, currently plays in the first division.
Valencia is famous for its vibrant nightlife. Today, the more alternative/bohemian bars and nightclubs are concentrated at the Carmen district, while the student nightlife is found around Blasco Ibáñez and Benimaclet districts. The most mainstream weekend nightlife has its clusters in the areas of Cánovas and Joan Llorens streets. In the summer, there is also nightlife on the beach and at the Port.
· City of Arts and Sciences
· Prehistory Museum of Valencia
· Valencian Museum of Ethnology
· House Museum Blasco Ibáñez
· Julio González Centre – Valencian Institute of Modern Art
· “Sant Pius V” Museum of Fine Arts
· Falles Museum
· Museum of History of Valencia
· MuVIM – Valencian Museum of Enlightenment and Modernity
· National Museum of Pottery and Sumptuary Arts González Martí
HOW TO REACH TOWN
To/ from the airport
Manises Airport is located eight kilometres from the city. The airport taxi service is available to reach Valencia, a trip that costs around 14 euros. However, there is also a direct bus service that, despite being less comfortable, is considerably cheaper: €2.50 a ride. The bus operates between the airport and Valencia every twenty minutes, from 6am to 10pm, 365 days a year. Further, there are two underground lines (line 3 and 5) which link the Valencia Airport to the city centre and the port. They both stop on the ground floor of the regional flights terminal.
The city also has the biggest port on the Mediterranean western coast where the famous America’s Cup sailing competition was held since 2007. The citizens and institutions of the city aim to integrate the port with the city through the Balcó al Mar project to create a space in the port for cultural and sports activities – in addition to its evident role in the transport system.
TRANSPORT IN TOWN
The city has a variety of well-organised transport means to move around.
The underground and the modern tram have nine lines that link the city centre with the surrounding neighbourhoods and nearby towns. You can go around the city by public bus as well www.emtvalencia.es
Valenbisi is a cheap bike-sharing service. There are nearly 300 docking stations where you can hire and return bicycles.